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Alexander Gilchrist Patton, U.S.V.
Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Gilchrist Patton, U.S.V.
Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Gilchrist Patton was born at Indian
Stream, New Hampshire, on March 8, 1836, and is the son of William and
Mary (Johnson) Patton. His mother's family were prominent participants in
the Revolutionary War, espousing the side of England. His father was born
at Dumfries, Scotland, and came to this country in 1813, locating in
Vermont, where he married, and shortly after moved to New Hampshire. He
took an active part in the Patriot War of 1837, and his family, who lived
near the border-line, were driven from their home as refugees, fleeing to
Lockport, New York, where he found them after his discharge from the
When but seven years old Colonel Patton was sent to work in the
printing-office of The Lockport Courier, and worked there a number of
At the age of seventeen he went to Troy, New York, and entered the
carriage establishment of Lown & Horton as apprentice to the trade of
carriage-trimming. He continued in the employ of this company until 1858,
moving from there to Schenectady, New York, where he engaged in the
carriage business for himself, and remained there until the breaking out
of the late war.
Colonel Patton enlisted as a private in Company C, Second New York, or
Black-Horse Cavalry; mustered in August, 1861, and promoted to sergeant;
promoted to second lieutenant September, 1861; first lieutenant October 2,
1861, and was on duty with his regiment at Arlington, Virginia, until
December, 1861, when his regiment was assigned to Cavalry Brigade,
McDowell's division, Army of the Potomac, in defence of Washington until
March 31, 1862, at which time he was mustered out of service with his
||In May, 1862, the First New York
Mounted Rifles was increased from a battalion of four companies to a
regiment of twelve companies, of one of which Patton was made
captain. They were mustered July 16, 1862. He was promoted major
August 13, 1862, and lieutenant-colonel April 29, 1863, serving with
his regiment in the Department of Virginia, and was engaged in the
following battles and skirmishes: Zuni, Virginia, September 15,
October 25, November 14; Blackwater, September 28-October 24;
Blackwater Bridge, November 8; Joiner's Ford, November 12; South
Quay, December 7; near Blackwater, December 11-13; Carnsville Road,
December 22; Windsor, December 22; Edenton Road, February 7-April
15, 1863, Chuckatuck, March 7; Windsor, March 9; Blackwater Bridge,
March 31; siege of Suffolk, April 11-May 3; near Suffolk, May 16;
wounded twice at Scott's Mills, near Smithfield, May 17; with
Corcoran's command on the raid into North Carolina via Winton and
Jackson, North Carolina, July 25-August 2; Edenton, August 15; New
August 2; Bottom's Bridge, August 27-29; Baltimore Cross-Roads, August
27; Charles City Court-House, December 9; Cavalry Brigade, Second
Division, Eighteenth Corps, January, 1864; Bottom's Bridge, February 6-9;
Carrollton's Store, March 13; Drewry's Bluff, May 12-16; Clove Hill
Junction, May 14; Bottom Church, May 17; Cold Harbor, May 31 June 12; West
Point, June 5; Deep Bottom, June 23-27; Surrey Court-House, July 11; Fort
Powhatan, September 16; Third Brigade, Kautz's cavalry, Department of
Virginia and North Carolina; Jones's Creek, December 21; siege of
Petersburg, Virginia, January, February, March. 1865; White House, March
19, 1865; raid into North Carolina to cut railroad communications between
Generals Lee and Johnston, April, 1865; at Fredericksburg till July, and
at various times was in command of the Second Brigade, Kautz's cavalry
division. Mustered out July 10, 1865.
Immediately after the close of the war Colonel Patton became interested in
the manufacture of hollow-ware at Troy, New York. He continued in this
business at Troy until 1874, when he moved to Columbus and Started the
Patton Manufacturing Company, and in 1886 he formed a branch concern at
Jeffersonville, Indiana, under the same name. He is the proprietor of both
institutions, which are the largest manufacturers of hollow-ware in the
Colonel Patton was chairman of and had charge of the National Encampment
of the Grand Army of the Republic held at Columbus, Ohio, in 1888. He is a
member of the Loyal Legion of the United States and Wells Post, No. 451,
Department of Ohio, Grand Army of the Republic.
He was married in October, 1855, to Mary E. Way. Mrs. Patton died December
4, 1886. They had two children, Ida Patton Tracy and Allan V. R. Patton.
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