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and Brevet Major-General Alexander McD. McCook, U.S.A.
Brigadier and Brevet Major-General Alexander McD. McCook, U.S.A.
Brigadier and Brevet Major-General Alexander Mcd. McCook was born in
Ohio April 22, 1831, and graduated at the Military Academy July 1 , 1852.
He was promoted brevet second lieutenant Third Infantry the same day;
second lieutenant June 30, 1854; first lieutenant Dec. 6, 1858; and
captain May 14, 1861. He served at Newport Barracks and Jefferson Barracks
until 1853, when he was ordered on frontier duty at Fort Fillmore, New
Mexico, and was scouting against Apache Indians in 1854. He was stationed
at Fort Union, and participated in an expedition against Utah and Apache
Indians, on commissary duty, in 1855, being engaged in the actions of
Sauwatchie Pass and Arkansas River. Was at Cantonment Burgwin, New Mexico,
in 1855-56; on the Gila Expedition, as chief of guides, and engaged in
action on the Gila River, June 27, 1856; on leave of absence 1857-58, and
at the Military Academy, as assistant instructor of infantry tactics, from
Feb. 12, 1858, to April 24, 1861.
At the commencement of the war of the Rebellion he served as mustering and
disbursing officer at Columbus, Ohio, and in the defenses of Washington
City, May to July, 1861, and was engaged in the action of Vienna, June 17,
and in the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861.
He was appointed colonel of the First Ohio Volunteers, to date from April
16, 1861, and was employed in recruiting and organizing his regiment at
Dayton. He was mustered out of the volunteer service August 2, 1861, and
reappointed colonel of the First Ohio Volunteers August 10, 1861, and
appointed brigadier-general of volunteers September 3, 1861. He commanded
a brigade in the Department of the Cumberland, and participated in the
operations in Kentucky, October to December, 1861. He was then assigned to
the command of a division in the Army of the Ohio, participating in the
movement to Nashville and Pittsburg Landing, in the battle of Shiloh,
advance upon and siege of Corinth, operations in North Alabama, and
movement through Tennessee to Louisville, Kentucky, June to September,
General McCook was appointed major-general of volunteers July 17, 1862,
and was assigned to the command of the First Corps, Army of the Ohio, and
participated in the advance into Kentucky in October, 1862, and was
engaged in the battle of Perryville and march to the relief of Nashville,
October, 1862. He was in command of Nashville, Tennessee, November and
December, 1862, and was then placed in, command of the right wing of the
Fourteenth Corps from December 14, 1862, to January 12, 1863; and of the
Twentieth Corps from January to October, 1863. He was in the Tennessee
campaign, and was engaged in several skirmishes on the march to
Murfreesborough, in the battle of Stone River, combat of Liberty Gap (in
command), advance on Tullahoma, crossing the Cumberland Mountains and
Tennessee River, and in battle of Chickamauga. He was awaiting orders from
October, 1863, to November, 1864, being engaged, while at Washington City,
in the defense of the Capital, July 11-12, 1864; and in the Middle
Military Division from November, 1864, to February, 1865. Commanded the
District of Eastern Arkansas from Feb. to May, 1865.
He was brevetted for gallant and meritorious services lieutenant-colonel
March 3, 1862, at the capture of Nashville, Tennessee; colonel April 7,
1862, at the battle of Shiloh, Tennessee; brigadier-general March 13,
1865, at the battle of Perryville, Kentucky; and major-general March 13,
1865, in the field during the Rebellion.
||General McCook was with a joint
committee of Congress investigating Indian affairs from May to
October, 1865; was then on leave of absence and awaiting orders to
March 27, 1867. He resigned his commission as major-general of
volunteers October 21, 1865, and was promoted lieutenant-colonel of
the Twenty-sixth Infantry March 5, 1867, transferred to Tenth
Infantry in 1869, and promoted colonel of Sixth Infantry December
15, 1880. He served with his regiment in various departments, and
was acting inspector-general of the Department of the Missouri from
December, 1874, to June, 1875, and then colonel and aide-de-camp to
the general of the army to December, 1880.
He was in command of the post of Fort Leavenworth and the Infantry
and Cavalry School of Application from May 13, 1886, to August 28,
1890; appointed brigadier-general July 11, 1890, and assigned to
command the Department of Arizona, which position he now occupies.
General McCook is the son of Major Daniel McCook, who was born in 1796,
and killed in battle by Morgan's guerillas near Buffington Island, Ohio,
July 19, 1863. Seven of his brothers took part in the war for the Union,
three of whom, like their father, were killed. Four of the eight McCook
brothers attained the rank of general.
Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who
served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419
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