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Brigadier-General Benjamin Harrison, U.S.V.
Brevet Brigadier-General Benjamin Harrison, U.S.V.
General Benjamin Harrison (President of the United States) is the son
of John Scott Harrison, and grandson of
General Wm. Henry
Harrison, President of the United States from March 4 to April 4,
1841. He was born at North Bend, Indiana, in his grandfather's house,
August 20, 1833, graduated from Miami University in Class of 1852; he
subsequently passed through a legal course, and began practice of law at
Indianapolis in 1854.
In the early part of the war of the Rebellion, Mr. Harrison tendered his
services to Governor Morton, of Indiana, and the latter authorized him to
raise a regiment. When the regiment was complete, Governor Morton
voluntarily commissioned Mr. Harrison colonel of the Seventieth Regiment,
Colonel Harrison's first experience as an independent commander was when
he was sent on an expedition against a body of rebels lodged at
Russellville. When within about ten miles of the town he was stopped by a
burned bridge. He made a temporary structure, pushed on with his train
over the temporary bridge, and arriving at a proper point, he with energy
attacked the rebel camp. The surprise was complete. Forty rebels were
killed and wounded, while only one Union soldier was killed. He captured
ten prisoners and all the horses and arms.
||Colonel Harrison's regiment was
brigaded with the Seventy-ninth Ohio, the One Hundred and Second,
the One Hundred and Fifth, and the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth
Illinois, Brigadier-General Ward commanding; and, what is
extraordinary, the organization thus effected was kept unchanged to
the close of the war. From Bowling Green, Colonel Harrison, with his
command, accompanied the brigade to Scottville, Kentucky, and thence
to Gallatin, Tennessee, where he was occupied guarding the
Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Four months were evenly divided
between hunting guerillas and drilling his men. The brigade then
marched to Lavergne and thence to Murfreesborough; then it became
part of Granger's Reserve Corps. On the 2d of January, 1864, it
became the First Brigade of the First Division of the Eleventh Army
Corps, and Colonel Harrison -,vas placed in command of it, General
Ward taking the division.
When General Ward returned to the command of the brigade, Colonel
Harrison resumed that of his regiment. Colonel Harrison participated in
the Atlanta campaign, and was engaged in the battles of Resaca, where, in
charging a battery, he was amongst the first to cross the parapet. He also
assisted in the capture of Cassville; was engaged at New Hope Church, and
commanded his brigade in the engagements at Gilgal Church, Kenesaw
Mountain, Peach-Tree Creek, and Nashville. After the last-named, Colonel
Harrison was occupied in the pursuit of Hood's army, and through many
difficulties penetrated as far as Courtland, Alabama. He was then ordered
to report to General Sherman at Savannah. At Pocotaligo he was assigned to
a brigade, with which he joined Sherman at Goldsborough.
At the close of the war Colonel Harrison was made brevet brigadier-general
of volunteers, to date from January 23, 1865, "for ability and manifest
energy and gallantry in command of the brigade." He was honorably mustered
out of service at Washington, D. C., on the 8th day of June, 1865, and at
once entered upon his duties as reporter of the Supreme Court of the State
of Indiana. He was elected United States Senator in 1881, and held that
office for six years. In 1888 General Harrison became the Republican
candidate for President of the United States. He was duly elected, and
took his seat March 4, 1889, which position he now holds.
Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who
served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419
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