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George Clinton Hopper, U.S.V.
Major George Clinton Hopper, U.S.V.
Major George Clinton Hopper was born at Jordan, Onondaga County, New
York, March 20, 1831. He received an education at the common schools of
Seneca County and the Waterloo Academy, and at the age of fourteen entered
the service of his father, a railroad contractor, who built a portion of
the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad, then called the Auburn &
Rochester Railroad. One year afterwards he removed to Michigan, and took
position on the Michigan Central as clerk, where he remained five years;
he then took the position of conductor, running between Detroit and
Chicago ten years, when the outbreak of the war called him to the field.
He entered the First Michigan Infantry, and was mustered as first
lieutenant at Ann Arbor, August 19, 1861. He went with his regiment to
Washington about the 15th of September; camped at Bladensburg and
Annapolis Junction, doing duty as railroad guard, in which duty he was in
command of his company ten weeks. In April he was ordered to Old Point
Comfort, and took part in the advance on Norfolk and Portsmouth, which
resulted in restoring those places to the Union.
On April 28, 1862, he was promoted to captain. About June 20 he joined the
Army of the Potomac at Gaines' Mill, and was engaged in the battles of
Mechanicsville, June 26, and Gaines' Mill, June 27, 1862; was shot in the
right side in the last battle, and sent to Washington.
Rejoining the regiment at Harrison's Landing, August 10, 1863, with his
company, he supported General Averell in a reconnaissance to the south
side of the James River, and had a fight with Confederate cavalry. August
29, 1862, was engaged on the skirmish line at Bull Run, and August 30,
while charging on the enemy, was shot through the right thigh and taken
prisoner; was paroled on the field, and taken to Washington. He was
exchanged and rejoined the army December 20, 1862, and was in the "mud
march," January 20, 1863.
He was promoted to major March 18, 1863; was under fire three days at
Chancellorsville; supported the cavalry at Kelly's Ford in its fight at
Brandy Station, June 9, 1863. He joined General Vincent's brigade at Aldie
Gap, in their support of the cavalry in its advance to Ashby's Gap, June
21, 1863, and was engaged July 2 and 3, 1863, at Gettysburg.
||On August 20, 1863, he was
detailed as president of a board of examination of the
non-commissioned officers of the First Division, Fifth Corps, for
November 7, 1863, took part in the capture of the fort at
Rappahannock Station. On November 26 took command of the regiment on
its Mine Run campaign. He was in command of the skirmish line in its
first advance, May 5, 1864, on the road to Robinson's Tavern, and
was hit by a spent ball; on the 6th was hit by a piece of shell; on
the 8th was engaged at Laurel Hill; on the night of the 10th had a
fight on the picket line; on the 24th was engaged at Jericho Ford,
North Anna River; was engaged at Tolopotomy, May 30, 1864; Magnolia
Swamp, June 1; Bethesda Church, June 2.
On June 17 and 1 8 was engaged at Petersburg; on August 18, 19, and 21
was engaged in the battle of the Weldon Railroad.
On the 26th of September, 1864, he left the service, in accordance with an
order dated September 21, for muster out.
He resumed his old business of conductor on the Michigan Central Railroad,
which he followed for two years; he then was agent at Jackson, Michigan,
for five years; assistant superintendent eighteen months, which he gave up
to take the position of paymaster for the Michigan Central System, which
he has filled nineteen years, and still holds.
Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who
served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419
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