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George H. Thomas, U.S.A.
Major-General George H. Thomas, U.S.A.
Major-General George H. Thomas was born in Virginia, and graduated from
the Military Academy July 1, 1840. He was promoted second lieutenant and
assigned to the Third Artillery. He served in garrison at Fort Columbus,
N. Y., until the Florida War, in which he participated. He assisted in
Major Wade's capture of seventy Seminole Indians on Nov. 6, 1841, and was
"brevetted first lieutenant, Nov. 6, 1841, for gallantry and good conduct
against the Florida Indians."
From 1842 to 1845 he served in garrisons in the South and Southeast, and
in 1845 participated in the military occupation of Texas; and when war was
declared with Mexico he participated in the operations and movements
thereof, being engaged in the defense of Fort Brown, in May, 1846, and the
battles of Monterey and Buena Vista.
He was promoted first lieutenant April 30, 1846, and was brevetted
captain, September 23, for gallant conduct in the several conflicts at
Monterey, Mexico, and major, February 23, 1847, for gallant and
meritorious conduct in the battle of Buena Vista, Mexico.
After the cessation of hostilities with Mexico the Seminole Indians again
took the war-path, in which he participated. On December 4, 1853, he was
promoted captain, and served in various sections of the country until the
war of the Rebellion; being during the interim promoted major, Second
Cavalry, May 12, 1855; April 25, 1861, he was promoted lieutenant-colonel,
Second Cavalry; colonel, Second Cavalry, August 3, 1861, and on August 17,
1861, brigadier-general U. S. Volunteers. From June 1 to August 26, 1861,
he participated in the operations in the Shenandoah Valley, being engaged
in the various actions and skirmishes in that vicinity; and until May 30,
1862, he participated in the various movements and operations in the march
to Nashville, Tennessee, and Corinth, Mississippi, being engaged in the
actions and combats during the march.
||He was appointed major-general,
U.S. Volunteers, April 25, 1862, and was in command at Corinth,
Mississippi, from June 5-22, 1862. During-the operations in North
Alabama, Tennessee, and Kentucky, from June 26 to November 7, 1862,
he was with the Army of the Ohio, and participated in the many
skirmishes, actions, and battles. From November 7, 1862, to October
19, 1863, he was with Major-General Rosecrans in the Tennessee
campaign, in command of the Fourteenth Army Corps (Army of the
Cumberland), and during the many hotly contested encounters, from
Nashville to Chattanooga, in which he participated, he was
conspicuous for daring and gallantry on the field of battle. He was
in command of the Department and Army of the Cumberland from October
19, 1863, being engaged in opening communications by the Tennessee
River and Lookout Valley to November 26, 1863, participating in the
battle of Missionary Ridge, the pursuit of the enemy, and combat at
Ringgold, Georgia. He was promoted brigadier-general, U.S.A.,
October 22, 1863.
During the invasion of Georgia, May 2 to September 7, 1864, he was in
command of the Army of the Cumberland, composed of the Fourth, Eleventh,
and Twentieth Army Corps and three cavalry divisions, and with this
command participated in the demonstrations and operations, in which were
daily skirmishes and actions, to Atlanta, Georgia, occupying that city
after a long siege. He was engaged in organizing the defenses of Tennessee
against the invasion of General Food's army during the fall of 1864, and
during the hotly-contested battles in the vicinity of Nashville,
Tennessee. He was promoted major-general, U.S.A., December 15, 1864. He
was in command of the Military Division of Tennessee, embracing the
Departments of Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi,
with headquarters at Nashville, from June 27, 1865, to Aug. 13, 1866, and
of the Dept. of Tennessee from Aug. 13, 1886, to March 11, 1867, with
head-quarters at Nashville, Tenn., and Louisville, Ky., when he was
assigned to the Third Military District (Georgia, Florida, and Alabama),
from which he was relieved at his own request, and of the Department of
the Cumberland, March 16, 1867.
The Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, in Congress
assembled, resolved, March 3, 1865, "That the thanks of Congress are due
and are hereby tendered to Major-General George H. Thomas, and the
officers and soldiers under his command, for their skill and dauntless
courage, by which the rebel army under General Hood was signally defeated
and driven from the State of Tennessee."
General Thomas died March 28, 1870.
Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who
served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419
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