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Brigadier-General John T. Lockman, U.S.V.
Brevet Brigadier-General John T. Lockman, U.S.V.
Brevet Brigadier-General John T. Lockman was born in the city of New
York on the 26th day of September, 1834. At the outbreak of the Rebellion
he was a student-at-law in the city of his birth. On the I9th day of
April, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Company C, Ninth Regiment of New
York State Militia. Having recruited Company H for the Ninth Regiment, he
was elected its first lieutenant on May 24, 1861. The regiment left New
York on the 27th day of May for Washington, arriving there on the evening
of the 28th, relieving the Seventh New York State Militia. Participated in
the Martinsburg campaign under General Robert Patterson, and Ball's Bluff
under General Charles P. Stone; was commissioned captain November 25,
1861, and participated in the movements terminating in the occupation of
Winchester, Virginia, in March, 1862; the campaign in Virginia, July and
August, 1862, under General Pope.
General Lockman was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the One Hundred and
Nineteenth New York Volunteers August 13, 1862, and participated in the
battle of Chancellorsville May 2, 1863, and on the death of Colonel
Peisner in that battle succeeded to the command of the regiment, and on
the 3d of May was commissioned its colonel. At the battle of Gettysburg he
was severely wounded during the first day's fight, July 1, 1863.
On rejoining his regiment in September, 1863, the Eleventh and Twelfth
Corps were ordered to the Southwest to reinforce General Thomas, and he
there took part in establishing communication with General Thomas, or, as
it was usually styled, opening the " Cracker Line ;" participating in the
battles of Wauhatchie and Missionary Ridge, pursuit of General Bragg, and
relief of Knoxville.
||On April 27, 1864, the Eleventh
and Twelfth Corps were consolidated, and formed into the Twentieth
Corps. The One Hundred and Nineteenth Regiment was assigned to the
Second Brigade, Second Division of that corps, and participated in
the battles of Rocky-Faced Ridge and Resaca, at which battle, by
order of General Hooker, he led three regiments to an assault on a
rebel battery. He participated in the battles of Cassville, Pine
Hill, Kolb's Farm, Dallas (where he commanded the Second Brigade),
Kenesaw Mountain, Peach-Tree Creek, and the siege of Atlanta,
entering the city on September 2, 1864. He also participated in the
March to the Sea, siege and occupation of Savannah, Georgia, where
he was placed in command of a provisional division to guard the
captured cotton and stores. He also participated in the march
through the Carolinas and movements resulting in the occupation of
Charleston, Columbia, Winsborough, and Cheraw, South Carolina; and
Fayetteville, battle of Bentonsville, occupation of Raleigh, North
Carolina, and surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston's army at
General Lockman was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers "for
meritorious services in the capture of Atlanta."
At the close of the war he resumed the study of law, graduating from the
Columbia College Law-School with the degree of B. L. in April, 1867, and
was admitted to the bar of the State of New York in the same month.
General Lockman served under the following, who were commanders of armies:
Generals Scott, McDowell, Patterson, McClellan, Burnside, Hooker, and
Meade in the Army of the Potomac; Grant, Rosecrans, Thomas, and Sherman in
the Army of the Cumberland; and Slocum, Army of Georgia. Under Corps
Commanders, Generals Stone, Banks, Howard, Hooker, Slocum, Williams, and
Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who
served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419
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