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Brevet Brigadier-General John T. Lockman, U.S.V.

Brevet Brigadier-General John T. Lockman was born in the city of New York on the 26th day of September, 1834. At the outbreak of the Rebellion he was a student-at-law in the city of his birth. On the I9th day of April, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Company C, Ninth Regiment of New York State Militia. Having recruited Company H for the Ninth Regiment, he was elected its first lieutenant on May 24, 1861. The regiment left New York on the 27th day of May for Washington, arriving there on the evening of the 28th, relieving the Seventh New York State Militia. Participated in the Martinsburg campaign under General Robert Patterson, and Ball's Bluff under General Charles P. Stone; was commissioned captain November 25, 1861, and participated in the movements terminating in the occupation of Winchester, Virginia, in March, 1862; the campaign in Virginia, July and August, 1862, under General Pope.

General Lockman was commissioned lieutenant-colonel of the One Hundred and Nineteenth New York Volunteers August 13, 1862, and participated in the battle of Chancellorsville May 2, 1863, and on the death of Colonel Peisner in that battle succeeded to the command of the regiment, and on the 3d of May was commissioned its colonel. At the battle of Gettysburg he was severely wounded during the first day's fight, July 1, 1863.

On rejoining his regiment in September, 1863, the Eleventh and Twelfth Corps were ordered to the Southwest to reinforce General Thomas, and he there took part in establishing communication with General Thomas, or, as it was usually styled, opening the " Cracker Line ;" participating in the battles of Wauhatchie and Missionary Ridge, pursuit of General Bragg, and relief of Knoxville.

On April 27, 1864, the Eleventh and Twelfth Corps were consolidated, and formed into the Twentieth Corps. The One Hundred and Nineteenth Regiment was assigned to the Second Brigade, Second Division of that corps, and participated in the battles of Rocky-Faced Ridge and Resaca, at which battle, by order of General Hooker, he led three regiments to an assault on a rebel battery. He participated in the battles of Cassville, Pine Hill, Kolb's Farm, Dallas (where he commanded the Second Brigade), Kenesaw Mountain, Peach-Tree Creek, and the siege of Atlanta, entering the city on September 2, 1864. He also participated in the March to the Sea, siege and occupation of Savannah, Georgia, where he was placed in command of a provisional division to guard the captured cotton and stores. He also participated in the march through the Carolinas and movements resulting in the occupation of Charleston, Columbia, Winsborough, and Cheraw, South Carolina; and Fayetteville, battle of Bentonsville, occupation of Raleigh, North Carolina, and surrender of General Joseph E. Johnston's army at Durham Station.

General Lockman was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers "for meritorious services in the capture of Atlanta."

At the close of the war he resumed the study of law, graduating from the Columbia College Law-School with the degree of B. L. in April, 1867, and was admitted to the bar of the State of New York in the same month.

General Lockman served under the following, who were commanders of armies: Generals Scott, McDowell, Patterson, McClellan, Burnside, Hooker, and Meade in the Army of the Potomac; Grant, Rosecrans, Thomas, and Sherman in the Army of the Cumberland; and Slocum, Army of Georgia. Under Corps Commanders, Generals Stone, Banks, Howard, Hooker, Slocum, Williams, and Mower.

Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419 pgs.

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