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John Wainwright, U.S.V.
Colonel John Wainwright, U.S.V.
Colonel Ninety-Seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers.
Colonel John Wainwright was born at Syracuse, New York, July 13, 1839. His
father was Samuel Force Wainwright, his mother Maria Humphry. He is
descended from the Wainwrights and Forces, so long settled in Monmouth
County, New Jersey. His name and stock has long been known as having its
representatives in the army and navy of the United States, and has a
history as patriots, soldiers, and sailors in our struggle for
independence and in later wars.
At the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1861 his traditional soldier-blood
made him a private in Company G, Second Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry,
for three months, enlisting April 18. He was honorably discharged July 26,
1861. With this regiment he took part with Patterson's column in the
He re-enlisted as a private in Company F, Ninety-seventh Pennsylvania
Infantry, September 23, at West Chester, Pennsylvania, and began a
military career which has but few parallels in the records of the war of
the Rebellion, in that he came home at the close of the war the colonel
commanding the same regiment which at the commencement of the Rebellion
received him as a private in the ranks of one of its companies, having in
the mean while been promoted, step by step, through every grade of
intermediate rank. He never sought this promotion, and as evidence of the
appreciation in which his services were held by his superior officers,
every step of his military advancement came to him unsolicited. His
biography is a complete history of the Ninety-seventh Pennsylvania
Volunteers, in which he served continuously only seventeen days short of
four years. He first found himself in command of his regiment on August
25, 1864, while yet a first lieutenant, and continued in command, with but
a short interval, until his muster out of service over one year later,
August 28, 1865. He was then in command of the post at Weldon, North
Carolina, and of the section of country thereabouts.
||He was appointed first sergeant
October 3, 1861; second lieutenant January 10, 1862; first
lieutenant March 9, 1863; captain November 1, 1864; captain and
major by brevet and "medal of honor," for gallant and meritorious
services at the storming of Fort Fisher, North Carolina, January 15,
1865; lieutenant-colonel Ninety-seventh Pennsylvania Volunteers,
January 15, 1865, and colonel Ninety-seventh Pennsylvania
Volunteers, June 1, 1865. He was honorably mentioned for gallantry
in action, October 7, 1864, at Chapin's Farm, Virginia, general
orders, head-quarters Department of Virginia and North Carolina,
October 11, 1864.
He was twice wounded - James Island, June 12, 1862; Fort Fisher,
North Carolina, January 15, 1865.
He participated in the, expedition to Port Royal, South Carolina,
December, 1861 siege of Fort Pulaski, Georgia; capture of Fort Clinch,
Fernandina, and Jacksonville, Florida; occupation of Edisto Island and
James Island, South Carolina; battles on James Island, South Carolina,
June 10 and 16, 1862; reoccupation of James Island, South Carolina;
capture of Morris Island, South Carolina; siege of Forts Wagner, Gregg,
Sumter, Moultrie, and Johnson, and capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg, in
1863; capture of Camp Cooper, Woodstock Mills, and King's Ferry, Florida;
capture of Bermuda Hundred and City Point, Virginia; battles of Swift
Creek, Proctor's Creek, Fort Darling, Drury Bluff, Chester Station, Green
Plains, Cold Harbor, Petersburg Heights, Cemetery Hill, explosion of mine,
siege of Petersburg and Richmond, Strawberry Plains, Weir Bottom Church,
Charles City Road, Darbytown Road, in 1864; Fort Fisher, Sugarloaf Hill,
capture of Fort Anderson, capture of Wilmington, North Carolina,
occupation of Raleigh, N. C.; surrender of Johnston, in 1865. He served in
the Tenth, Eighteenth, and Twenty-fourth Army Corps in the Army of the
South, Army of the James, Army of the Potomac, and Army of the Ohio, in
the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and
Colonel Wainwright has been a citizen of Wilmington, Delaware, since the
war; has always taken an active interest in military affairs; is a member
of the District of Columbia Commandery, Military Order of the Loyal
Legion, and past department commander, G. A. R., Department of Delaware, a
position to which he was elected in his department without an opposing
candidate. He has also occupied responsible positions on the staffs of
Past Commanders-in-Chief Louis Wagner and George Merrill.
He was married to Miss Emma M. Edwards, of Coatesville, Pa., April 18,
1864, and their three children are Blanche J., G. Maude, and John Drayton
Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who
served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419
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