Home > Captain Joseph Albert Sudborough, U.S.V.
Captain Joseph Albert Sudborough, U.S.V.
Captain Joseph Albert Sudborough, eldest son of Samuel Sudborough, an
Englishman, was born in Hillsdale, Michigan, September 9, 1843, raised and
educated in Adrian, Lenawee County, and was learning a trade at the
breaking out of the Rebellion.
During the summer of 1860, Captain Ellsworth, with his famous " Chicago
Zouaves," gave one of his exhibition drills in Adrian, which so aroused
the " military spirit" of the young men that they organized a militia
company called the " Hardee Cadets," and in the following autumn adopted
resolutions tendering their services in the event of war; forwarded
official copies to President Buchanan and the governor of Michigan; the
latter responded, promising his acceptance, and this company was among the
first ordered out in response to President Lincoln's call for
The subject of our sketch was one of the "original' members of the "
Hardee Cadets," and as first corporal of the company was with his
regiment, the First Michigan Infantry, early en route to Washington, where
it was brigaded with Colonel Ellsworth's " Fire Zouaves," and was among
the first troops to enter Alexandria, participating in the following
campaign and battle of Bull Run, after which returning to Michigan, its
term of service having expired.
In the following spring, 1862, he again entered the service as first
sergeant Company A, Seventeenth Michigan Infantry, which, upon arrival at
Washington, was assigned to the Ninth Corps, with which it remained until
the close of the war; in its first and many subsequent engagements
distinguished itself, and was officially known as the " Stonewall
The service of Captain Sudborough is identical with that of the regiments
to which he belonged, participating in all their campaigns and battles
except during a portion of the Maryland campaign of 1862.
||He was in the battle of
Fredericksburg, and received his commission as second lieutenant
soon thereafter. His regiment with his corps was sent to Kentucky in
the spring of 1863, thence to Mississippi, participating in the
siege of Vicksburg, the pursuit of General Johnston, and battle of
Jackson, Mississippi, following; returned to Kentucky, and then took
part in General Burnside's East Tennessee campaign, including the
actions at Blue Springs, October to; Loudon, November 14; Lenoir
Station, November 15; and the battle of Campbell's Station, November
16; also the siege of Knoxville, during which his regiment, in the
night, charged the Confederate lines, fired and destroyed a brick
house occupied by sharp-shooters, and returned to the trenches
before the enemy fully realized the situation; was in the works when
General Longstreet made his assault on Fort Saunders, November 29;
the engagements at Thurley's Ford, December 15, 1863; and Strawberry
Plains, January 22, 1864.
His corps then returned to the Army of the Potomac, and he participated
in the battles of the Wilderness; NY River, May 9, when his regiment drove
a rebel brigade off the field; in the battle of Spottsylvania, May 12, the
"Stonewall Regiment" was surrounded and badly cut to pieces; only
forty-five men and four officers escaped, Captain Sudborough among the
latter. He was in the battles of North Anna, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor,
battles and siege of Petersburg, including, the Crater, Weldon Railroad,
Reams' Station, Poplar Spring Church, Pegram Farm, Boydtown Road,
Hatcher's Run, and Fort Steadman, where he was slightly and the only time
wounded; the capture of Petersburg, April 3, 1865, when his brigade was
among the first troops to enter the city; his corps then occupied the line
of General Grant's communications until General Lee's surrender; with his
regiment participated in the final " grand review" at Washington, and was
honorably mustered out soon thereafter.
He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1863, and captain while before
Petersburg; served as adjutant of his regiment, was briefly in command of
same, and performed staff duties for his division commander.
After the war, removed to Missouri and engaged in the mercantile business;
married, in 1866, Miss Sarah Olive Blymyer, by whom two children were
born,- Mrs. Cornelia B. Andrews (deceased), and Charles Blymyer (living).
He is a companion in the Missouri Commandery of the Loyal Legion, U.S.A.;
comrade of Ransom Post, No. 131, Department of Missouri, Grand Army of the
Republic; was aide-de-camp on the staff of the commander-in-chief in
1889-90; participated in the " grand parade" at Washington, D.C.,
September 20, 1892; and resides in St. Louis, Missouri.
Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who
served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419
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