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William T. Sherman, U.S.A.
General William T. Sherman, U.S.A.
General William T. Sherman was born in Ohio February 8, 1820, and
graduated from the Military Academy July 1, 1840. He was promoted second
lieutenant Third Artillery the same day, and first lieutenant November 30,
1841. He served in the Florida War, 1840-41; on duty in various Southern
States and in Pennsylvania, 1842-46; on breaking out of war with Mexico
applied for duty in the field, and was assigned to Company F, Third
Artillery, then under orders for California; he was bearer of dispatches
from General Smith to War Department, and, after six months leave of
absence, joined Company C, Third Artillery, at Jefferson Barracks,
Missouri. He was appointed captain and commissary of subsistence September
27, 1850, and stationed at St. Louis and New Orleans, but resigned from
the army September 6, 1853, and entered upon a civil career as a banker in
San Francisco and New York until 1857; was major-general of California
Militia in 1856; counsellor-at-law at Leavenworth, Kansas, 1858-9;
superintendent of the La. State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy,
At the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion, he was reappointed in the
U. S. Army, colonel of the Thirteenth Infantry, May 14, 1861, and
brigadier-general of volunteers May 17, 1861. He served in the defenses of
Washington, and was in command of a brigade in the Army of the Potomac, in
the Manassas campaign, until July 23, being engaged in the battle of Bull
Run, July 21, 1861. He was then assigned to duty in the Department of the
Cumberland until November, 1861, when he was transferred for duty to the
Department of the Missouri, and ordered to report to Major-General Halleck
at St. Louis; on inspection duty at Sedalia, Missouri, and commanding camp
of instruction at Benton Barracks, Missouri, 1861-62; at post of Paducah,
Kentucky, expediting and facilitating operations in progress up the
Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers, and organizing a division to be commanded
by himself; bore a distinguished part in the battle of Shiloh and in the
operations against Corinth; commanding District of Memphis and an
expedition against Vicksburg, 1862; assigned to command of Fifteenth Army
Corps in January, 1863; participated in capture of Arkansas Post; took
part in operations preceding and attending siege of Vicksburg; assigned to
command of Department of the Tennessee October 27, 1863; joined his forces
to the army under General Grant at Chattanooga, Tennessee, and bore a
conspicuous part in the battle of that name; moved with great energy to
the relief of General Burnside at Knoxville, Tennessee, and returned to
Chattanooga, 1863; made an expedition from Vicksburg to Meridian,
Mississippi, destroying much railroad and war material thereabouts, and
returned to Vicksburg; assumed command of Military Division of the
Mississippi March 18, 1864; captured Atlanta, Georgia, and made his march
to the sea which terminated in the capture of Savannah, Georgia, December
21, 1864; marched northward from Savannah, captured Columbia, South
Carolina, compelling the evacuation of Charleston; repulsed the enemy
under General J. E. Johnston at Bentonville, and joined his forces with
those of General Schofield at Goldsborough; moved against General
Johnston, who, on April 26, 1865, surrendered his army on the same terms
as had been granted General Lee.
||General Sherman was appointed
major-general of volunteers May 1, 1862, and brigadier-general U. S.
Army July 4, 1863. He had conferred on him the commission of
major-general, August 12, 1864, for " gallant and distinguished
services as commander of the Mississippi Division in the conduct of
the campaign in Georgia," and was further honorably mentioned by
Congress in the following joint resolution of thanks, February 19,
"To Major-General W. T. Sherman and the officers and
soldiers of the Army of the Tennessee for their gallant and arduous
services in marching to the relief of the Army of the Cumberland,
and for their gallantry and heroism in the battle of Chattanooga,
which contributed in a great degree to the success of our arms in
that glorious victory." June 10, 1865: "To Major-General W. T.
Sherman and officers and soldiers of his command for their gallantry
and good conduct in their late campaign from Chattanooga to Atlanta
and the triumphal march thence through Georgia to Savannah,
terminating in the capture and occupation of that city."
General Sherman, after the war closed, commanded several of the most
important military divisions, and was appointed lieutenant-general U. S.
Army July 25, 1866. Appointed general of the army March 5, 1869, and
retained that position until retired from active service Feb. 8, 1884. He
died Feb. 14, 1891, at New York City.
Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who
served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419
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