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And Brevet Major-General Adelbert Ames, U.S.A.
Brigadier And Brevet Major-General Adelbert Ames, U.S.A.
Brigadier and Brevet Major-General Adelbert Ames was born in Maine
October 31, 1835, and was graduated at the Military Academy in the class
of May 6, 1861. He was promoted to second lieutenant Second U. S.
Artillery the same day, and first lieutenant Fifth U. S. Artillery May 14,
He was on duty with Griffin's Regular Battery, and was wounded at the
battle of Bull Run, Virginia, July 21, 1861. He was promoted brevet major
U. S. Army for gallant and meritorious services in that battle.
October 1, 1861, he was assigned to the command of Battery A, Fifth U. S.
Artillery, and in the Peninsular campaign was engaged in the siege of
Yorktown and the battles of Golding's Farm and Malvern Hill, Va. He was
brevetted lieutenant-colonel U. S. Army, July 1, 1862, for gallant and
meritorious service at the battle of Malvern Hill. As colonel of the
Twentieth Maine Volunteers in the Fifth Corps, he participated in the
battles of Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862, and Fredericksburg, Va., Dec.
In the spring of 1863 his regiment was inoculated with the small-pox.
Before it was fit for duty the Chancellorsville campaign opened. He served
throughout that campaign as an aide-de-camp to General Meade, commanding
the Fifth Corps, and General Hooker, commanding the Army of the Potomac.
||He was commissioned as a
brigadier-general of volunteers May 20, 1863; was given a brigade of
picked troops in a movement against Culpeper Court-House, and was
engaged in the battle of Beverly Ford, Virginia.
He was assigned to the command of the Second Brigade, First
Division, Eleventh Corps, on the march north from the Rappahannock
River, and led it in the first day's fight at Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania, July 1, 1863.
The division commander being wounded and disabled, the command of
the division devolved upon him for the rest of the day and the two
subsequent days of the battle. He was brevetted colonel U. S. Army
for gallant and meritorious services on that occasion.
In August following he was sent with his command to join forces
besieging Charleston, S. C. He remained before Charleston, S. C., and in
Florida till April, 1864, when, with troops of department, he proceeded to
Fortress Monroe, Va. In the Army of the James he took part in the
operations before Petersburg and Richmond, Va., being engaged in the
action at Port Walthall Junction in May, the battle of Cold Harbor in
June, and Darbytown Road in October, 1864.
In December, 1864, he was selected to command a division of three brigades
in an expedition against Fort Fisher, N. C. The following month he led the
same troops in a second expedition against that fort. In the battle which
resulted in the capture of Fort Fisher, after his division was formed for
the assault, the only order received from the general commanding the
expedition affecting the movements of the attacking force was, " The time
has come to make the assault." He was promoted brevet brigadier-general U.
S. Army for gallant and meritorious services at the capture of Fort
Fisher, N. C., January 15, 1865. After the surrender of the rebel forces
he was assigned to the command of territorial districts in North and South
Carolina till April 30, 1866.
He was brevetted a major-general of volunteers, March 13, 1865, for
gallant and meritorious services in the field during the rebellion. He was
promoted a captain Fifth U. S. Artillery Feb. 22, 1865, and
lieutenant-colonel Twenty-fourth U. S. Infantry July 28, 1866.
A board of general officers, consisting of
Major-Generals W. T. Sherman, G. G.
Meade, and G. H. Thomas, assembled at St. Louis, Mo., March 14, 1866,
recommended certain officers of the regular army for promotion by brevet
to the grade of brigadier-general, among them General Ames, for the
capture of Fort Fisher, N. C.
Although the action of this board was deemed too restricted for the times,
it was none the less commendatory of the officers recommended. Subsequent
to his Presidency, General Grant said,
referring to one of his army commanders, " If I had given him two corps
commanders like Adelbert Ames, or a dozen I could mention, he (said army
commander) would have made a fine campaign ... and helped materially in my
plans. I have always been sorry I did not do so." General Ames was placed
in command of the Military District of Mississippi, by
General Grant, in 1869. He resigned from
the army, was elected to the U. S. Senate, and subsequently to the
governorship of the State. Compelled by political persecution, he resigned
his office and left the State. He is at present a resident of New Jersey.
Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who
served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419
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