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Captain Charles Curie, U.S.V.

Captain Charles Curie was born near Montbeliard, Department du Doubs, France, in 1842. He came to America with his parents in 1844, and lived in Paterson, New Jersey. In 1856, while but fourteen years of age, he left home for Cleveland, Ohio, to accept a situation in a store there which was offered to him by a relative. He returned in 1859, and entered into the service of the importing house of Ad. Koop & Sattler, 38 Broad Street, New York, where he remained attending to the customhouse business of the firm until the breaking out of the Civil War, when, on April 19, 1861, he enlisted with the New York Zouaves, afterwards known as the Hawkins Zouaves (Ninth New York Volunteers), and served in that regiment during its service under Butler at Newport News, and the capture of Forts Clark and Hatteras in North Carolina, and in the relief of the Twentieth Indiana Regiment at Chicamicomico, North Carolina; was with his regiment in all its battles in its service in Burnside's North Carolina expedition in 1862. In the charge of his regiment on Fort Defiance, Roanoke Island, he was the first to reach the works and to wave the flag of the Ninth Regiment over them, although then a private soldier but little over nineteen years of age. Was with his regiment in the second Bull Run campaign in Virginia and in the Maryland campaign following, which culminated in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam. In the latter battle he was wounded in the charge of his regiment on the rebel batteries, and furloughed and subsequently promoted to lieutenant in the Second Battalion Hawkins Zouaves, afterwards consolidated and known as the One Hundred and Seventy-eighth New York Veteran Volunteers. He served with it as acting adjutant, doing provost duty in the city of Washington during the Gettysburg campaign from June to September, 1863, acting assistant picket-officer of Washington during a portion of that time. He was ordered with his regiment West in the fall of 1863, to report to General Sherman at Eastport, Mississippi; was assigned to the Third Brigade, Third Division, Sixteenth Army Corps, under command of General A. J. Smith. Served in this command in Kentucky and Tennessee to January, 1864, then joined General Sherman at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and was with him on his raid from Vicksburg to Meridian in February, 1864; was in General A. J. Smith's command in the Red River campaign; was appointed acting ordnance officer of the brigade, and later of the division, and continued in A. J. Smith's and Joseph A. Mower's command in their campaigns in Arkansas after Marmaduke, and in Tennessee and Mississippi after Forrest, and in Missouri after Price; was promoted captain in May, 1864. The last campaign extended from the Mississippi River to the little Big Blue River near Kansas, where Price's forces were run down, forced to fight, capitulate, or scatter.

During the march back to the Mississippi, with orders to join General Thomas at Nashville, Tennessee, a cold snap setting in, with snow and slush on the ground, with worn-out shoes, he took cold and gave out while in command of his company when about half-way back; was sent to Jefferson Barracks Hospital, and on the 16th of December, 1864, was honorably discharged from the service on account of disability for further service, contracted in the line of duty. After remaining in the hospital for some time he reached home in March, 1865, a wreck of his former self, and in the minds of his friends and neighbors had come home to die. With a mother's nursing and a little care, he, however, had sufficiently recovered by January 1, 1866, to return to his old vocation of custom-house clerk for his old firm, where he remained until January 1, 1868, when he started the custom-house brokerage business with Mr. Julius Binge, of New York, under the firm name of Binge & Curie, at 44 Exchange Place, New York.

Mr. Curie removed from Paterson to Brooklyn, and was admitted to the bar of New York State in 1882. Mr. Curie, as an importer's clerk and as a broker representing a number of large importing houses, had received an extensive experience in custom-house matters; he had become especially convinced that the government in its dealings with its citizens was the cause of some trouble. He therefore systematically compiled all the decisions of the U. S. Supreme Court on customs duties, etc., from the beginning of the government, and when the Act of 1883 was passed, the first general tariff act since the passage of the Revised Statutes in 1874, Mr. Curie's readiness in deciding questions under it soon brought him all the practice he could attend to in a short time. For some time Mr. Curie practiced alone, but is now a member of the firm of Curie, Smith & Mackie, at Nos. 44-48 Exchange Place, New York, who has the largest practice in their specialty in the city.

Source: Officers of the Volunteer Army and Navy who served in the Civil War, published by L.R. Hamersly & Co., 1893, 419 pgs.

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